Elon Reeve Musk (; born June 28, 1971) is a South African-born Canadian American business magnate, investor, and engineer. He is the founder, CEO, and lead designer of SpaceX; co-founder, CEO, and product architect of Tesla, Inc.; and co-founder and CEO of Neuralink. In December 2016, he was ranked 21st on the "Forbes" list of The World's Most Powerful People. , he has a net worth of $20.8 billion and is listed by "Forbes" as the 53rd richest person in the world.
1980 Elon MuskAfter his parents divorced in 1980, Musk lived mostly with his father in the suburbs of Pretoria, which Musk chose two years after his parents split up, but now says was "not a good idea".June, 1989 Elon MuskHe moved to Canada in June 1989, just before his 18th birthday, after obtaining Canadian citizenship through his Canadian-born mother.1995 Elon MuskIn 1995, Musk and his brother, Kimbal, started Zip2, a web software company, with money raised from a small group of angel investors.1995 Elon MuskIn 1995, at age 24, Musk moved to California to begin a PhD in applied physics and materials science at Stanford University, but left the program after two days to pursue his entrepreneurial aspirations in the areas of the internet, renewable energy and outer space.1995 Elon MuskHe began a PhD in applied physics and material sciences at Stanford University in 1995 but dropped out after two days to pursue an entrepreneurial career.May, 1997 Elon MuskIn 1992, after spending two years at Queen's University, Musk transferred to the University of Pennsylvania, where in May 1997 he received a Bachelor of Science degree in physics from its College of Arts and Sciences, and a Bachelor of Science degree in economics from its Wharton School of Business.February, 1999 Elon MuskCompaq acquired Zip2 for $307 million in cash and $34 million in stock options in February 1999.March, 1999 Elon MuskIn March 1999, Musk co-founded X.com, an online financial services and e-mail payment company, with $10 million from the sale of Zip2.1999 Elon MuskHe subsequently co-founded Zip2, a web software company, which was acquired by Compaq for $340 million in 1999.October, 2000 Elon MuskMusk was ousted in October 2000 from his role as CEO (although he remained on the board) due to disagreements with other company leadership, notably over his desire to move PayPal's Unix-based infrastructure to Microsoft Windows.October, 2001 Elon MuskIn October 2001, Musk travelled to Moscow with Jim Cantrell (an aerospace supplies fixer), and Adeo Ressi (his best friend from college), to buy refurbished Dnepr Intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) that could send the envisioned payloads into space.2001 Elon MuskThe merged company focused on the PayPal service and was renamed PayPal in 2001.2001 Elon MuskIn 2001, Musk conceptualized "Mars Oasis"; a project to land a miniature experimental greenhouse on Mars, containing food crops growing on Martian regolith, in an attempt to regain public interest in space exploration.February, 2002 Elon MuskIn February 2002, the group returned to Russia to look for three ICBMs, bringing along Mike Griffin.May, 2002 Elon MuskIn May 2002 Musk founded SpaceX, an aerospace manufacturer and space transport services company, of which he is CEO and lead designer.May, 2002 Elon MuskWith $100 million of his early fortune, Musk founded Space Exploration Technologies, or SpaceX, in May 2002.October, 2002 Elon MuskIt merged with Confinity in 2000 and became PayPal, which was bought by eBay for $1.5 billion in October 2002.2002 Elon MuskIn 2002, he became a U.S. citizen.July, 2003 Elon MuskTesla, Inc. (originally Tesla Motors) was incorporated in July 2003 by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning, who financed the company until the Series A round of funding.2003 Elon MuskHe co-founded Tesla, Inc., an electric vehicle and solar panel manufacturer, in 2003, and operates as its CEO and product architect.February, 2004 Elon MuskMusk led the Series A round of investment in February 2004, joining Tesla's board of directors as its chairman.2004 Elon MuskIn 2004, he contributed $2,000 to President George W. Bush's reelection campaign, maxing out (over $100,000) to Obama's reelection campaign and donated $5,000 to Republican Sen. Marco Rubio, who represents Florida, a state critical to the space industry.2006 Elon MuskIn 2006 he inspired the creation of SolarCity, a solar energy services company that is now a subsidiary of Tesla, and operates as its chairman.2006 Elon MuskMusk provided the initial concept and financial capital for SolarCity, which was then co-founded in 2006 by his cousins Lyndon and Peter Rive.September, 2008 Elon MuskIn September 2008, SpaceX's Falcon 1 rocket became the first privately funded liquid-fueled vehicle to put a satellite into Earth orbit.23 December, 2008 Elon MuskIn 2006, SpaceX was awarded a contract from NASA to continue the development and test of the SpaceX Falcon 9 launch vehicle and Dragon spacecraft in order to transport cargo to the International Space Station, followed by a $1.6 billion NASA Commercial Resupply Services program contract on December 23, 2008, for 12 flights of its Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon spacecraft to the Space Station, replacing the US Space Shuttle after it retired in 2011.2008 Elon MuskFollowing the financial crisis in 2008, Musk assumed leadership of the company as CEO and product architect, positions he still holds today.2008 Elon MuskTesla Motors first built an electric sports car, the Tesla Roadster in 2008, with sales of about 2,500 vehicles to 31 countries.2010 Elon Musk20 out of 42 first stage Falcon 9 boosters have been recovered overall since the Falcon 9 maiden flight in 2010.09 February, 2012 Elon MuskIt unveiled its third product, the Model X, aimed at the SUV/minivan market, on February 9, 2012; however, the Model X launch was delayed until September 2015.25 May, 2012 Elon MuskOn May 25, 2012, the SpaceX Dragon vehicle berthed with the ISS, making history as the first commercial company to launch and berth a vehicle to the International Space Station.2012 Elon MuskSignificant development on the vehicles began in 2017, while the new rocket engine development began in 2012.May, 2013 Elon MuskHowever, in May 2013, Musk publicly withdrew his support in protest of advertisements the PAC was running that supported causes like the Keystone Pipeline.12 August, 2013 Elon MuskOn August 12, 2013, Musk unveiled a concept for a high-speed transportation system incorporating reduced-pressure tubes in which pressurized capsules ride on an air cushion driven by linear induction motors and air compressors.2013 Elon MuskIn 2012, Musk announced that SolarCity and Tesla are collaborating to use electric vehicle batteries to smooth the impact of rooftop solar on the power grid, with the program going live in 2013.17 June, 2014 Elon MuskOn June 17, 2014, Musk committed to building a SolarCity advanced production facility in Buffalo, New York, that would triple the size of the largest solar plant in the United States.2014 Elon MuskIn 2014, Musk announced that Tesla would allow its technology patents to be used by anyone in good faith in a bid to entice automobile manufacturers to speed up development of electric cars.22 December, 2015 Elon MuskOn December 22, 2015, SpaceX successfully landed the first stage of its Falcon rocket back at the launch pad.2015 Elon MuskIn 2015 Musk co-founded OpenAI, a nonprofit research company that aims to promote friendly artificial intelligence.December, 2015 Elon MuskIn December 2015, Musk announced the creation of OpenAI, a not-for-profit artificial intelligence (AI) research company.February, 2016 Elon MuskIn February 2016, Musk announced that he had acquired the Tesla.comJune, 2016 Elon MuskMusk stated in June 2016 that the first unmanned flight of the larger Mars Colonial Transporter (MCT) spacecraft is aimed for departure to the red planet in 2022, to be followed by the first manned MCT Mars flight departing in 2024.September, 2016 Elon MuskIn September 2016, Musk revealed details of his architecture to explore and colonize Mars.17 December, 2016 Elon MuskOn December 17, 2016, while stuck in traffic, Musk tweeted "Am going to build a tunnel boring machine and just start digging..." The company was named 'The Boring Company'.December, 2016 Elon MuskIn December 2016, he was ranked 21st on the "Forbes" list of The World's Most Powerful People.2016 Elon MuskSolarCity was acquired by Tesla, Inc. in 2016 and is currently a wholly owned subsidiary of Tesla.December, 2016 Elon MuskHe founded The Boring Company, an infrastructure and tunnel-construction company, in December 2016.2016 Elon MuskIn 2016, Musk co-founded Neuralink, a neurotechnology startup company, to integrate the human brain with artificial intelligence.December, 2016 Elon MuskIn December 2016, Musk became a member of two of then President-elect Donald Trump's presidential advisory committees (the Strategic and Policy Forum and Manufacturing Jobs Initiative) but resigned from both in June 2017, in protest at Trump's decision to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement on climate change.21 January, 2017 Elon MuskOn January 21, 2017, Musk tweeted "Exciting progress on the tunnel front.January, 2017 Elon MuskThe track was used in January 2017, and Musk also started building a tunnel.February, 2017 Elon MuskIn February 2017, the company began digging a 30-foot-wide, 50-foot-long, and 15-foot-deep "test trench" on the premises of Space X's offices in Los Angeles, since the construction requires no permits.13 July, 2017 Elon MuskHyperloop One, a company unaffiliated with Musk, had announced that it had done its first successful test run on its DevLoop track in Nevada on July 13, 2017.20 July, 2017 Elon MuskOn July 20, 2017, Elon Musk announced that he had gotten "verbal government approval" to build a hyperloop from New York City to Washington D.C, stopping in both Philadelphia and Baltimore.July, 2017 Elon MuskIn July 2017, Musk purchased the domain from PayPal for an undisclosed amount stating that it has "great sentimental value" to him.2017 Elon MuskThis first stage recovery was replicated several times in 2016 by landing on an autonomous spaceport drone ship, an ocean-based recovery platform, and by the end of 2017, SpaceX had landed and recovered the first stage on 16 missions in a row where a landing and recovery were attempted, including all 14 attempts in 2017.January, 2018 Elon MuskIn January 2018, Musk was granted a $2.6 billion award by the company, awarding him with 20.3 million shares and could raise Tesla's market value to $650 billion.06 February, 2018 Elon MuskOn February 6, 2018, SpaceX successfully launched the Falcon Heavy, the fourth-highest capacity rocket ever built (after Saturn V, Energia and N1) and the most powerful rocket in operation as of 2018.2018 Elon MuskIn 2018 Musk left the OpenAI board to avoid "potential future conflict" with his role as CEO of Tesla as Tesla increasingly becomes involved in AI.
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